1 Service of Head, Neck and Maxillofacial Surgery, Hospital Nacional Arzobispo Loayza, Lima, Perú
Thyroid cancer is the most common endocrine cancer is increasing worldwide. This research was conducted in Arzobispo Loayza National Hospital in Lima.
To identify epidemiological, clinical and surgical characteristics of thyroid cancer in the Arzobispo Loayza National Hospital in 2012 and 2013.
a descriptive study, no experimental cross-section, of a total of 124 patients with thyroid cancer the sample was 44.
The prevalence of thyroid cancer in the surgery department of head and neck Arzobispo Loayza National Hospital is 21,29 cancers/ 100 patients and 21,32 cancers /100 patients in 2012 and 2013 respectively. The most common age group are over 60 (18.25%). Dominates the female gender (88.6%) with a female male ratio of 7.8: 1. Total thyroidectomy (75%) was performed and 34.1% presented a history of goiter. The biopsy with fine needle aspiration (FNA), performed preoperatively patients presented malignant cytology in 52.3%. The most common pathological outcome papillary carcinoma was 90.9%, 4.5% follicular carcinoma, medullary carcinoma and anaplastic carcinoma with 2.3% each.
The FNA as pathological findings in thyroid cancer, 45.5% had papillary carcinoma. With regard to the stage of diagnosis, stage I was (59.1%).
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