EP42 – Epidemiology and Clinical And Surgical Characteristics  of the Thyroid Cancer Hospital Nacional Arzobispo Loayza 2012 – 2013

      Norabuena, Gisela1 1 Service of Head, Neck and Maxillofacial Surgery, Hospital Nacional Arzobispo Loayza, Lima, Perú   Background: Thyroid cancer is the most common endocrine cancer is increasing worldwide. This research was conducted in  Arzobispo Loayza National Hospital in Lima. Objective: To identify epidemiological, clinical and surgical characteristics of thyroid cancer in the Arzobispo  Loayza National Hospital in 2012 and 2013. Methods: a descriptive study, no experimental cross-section, of a total of 124 patients with thyroid cancer the sample was 44. Results: The prevalence of thyroid cancer in the surgery department of head and neck Arzobispo Loayza National Hospital is 21,29 cancers/ 100 patients and  21,32 cancers /100  patients in 2012 and 2013 respectively. The most common age group  are over 60 (18.25%). Dominates the female gender (88.6%) with a  female male  ratio of 7.8: 1. Total thyroidectomy (75%) was performed and 34.1% presented a history of goiter. The biopsy with fine needle aspiration (FNA), performed preoperatively patients presented malignant cytology in 52.3%. The most common pathological outcome papillary carcinoma was 90.9%, 4.5% follicular carcinoma, medullary carcinoma and anaplastic carcinoma with 2.3% each. Conclusion: The FNA as pathological findings in thyroid cancer, 45.5% had papillary carcinoma. With regard to the stage of diagnosis, stage I was (59.1%).   References:
    1. Álvarez, C. Thyroid cancer follow-up of cases in an Endocrinology Service. National University of La Plata. Argentina. 2007.
    2. Ignacio A., Ignacio H., Aguilar C., Cardona. J. Descriptive study of twelve years of thyroid cancer, Manizales, Colombia. Rev Colomb Cir. 2010; 25: 276-89.
    3. Ore J, Otárola M. Malignant thyroid pathology. Hospital Sabogal, Callao. Annals of the Faculty of Medicine. 2004; 65 (1): 36-41
    4. Zárate, X. et al. Report of a cohort of 197 patients with papillary thyroid cancer, operated at the National Institute of Medical Sciences “Salvador Zubirán” Nutrition. Mexico. Surgeon General Vol. 32 No. 4 – 2010.


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